Frequently asked questions
What is Brickowner?
What is Brickowner?
Brickowner is a property investment crowdfunding platform and exchange that allows individuals to choose and invest into property using the Brickowner online platform. Whilst invested in the property users will benefit from any rental income and capital growth generated by the property during the investment period.
What is Property Crowdfunding?
Property Crowdfunding is the term used to describe a number of investors joining together to invest in a property, so as to benefit from a share of any rental income and any change in the value of the property.
Properties and Managers
Properties and managers
When selecting which property investment opportunities to place on the Brickowner platform different factors have been taken into account. The initial focus is on property with good potential income and capital growth prospects.
The Brickowner platform will primarily offer property investment opportunities where the underlying property is managed by a third party and owned by a third party SPV.
Newly Listed properties
Newly listed properties are properties which Brickowner place on the platform in order to crowdfund the necessary funds to complete the investment in that particular property.
Funds you commit into a newly listed property investment become ring fenced for that investment until the property crowdfunding target is achieved, whereupon they would be drawn down to complete the investment. No funds are drawn down until the full target is achieved.
Secondary market properties
Shares in existing properties on the platform can be bought and sold through the platform’s exchange. Shares in these properties can only be purchased when an existing property investor decides to sell their shares in a property.
The asset managers of the properties on the Brickowner platform have been chosen for their track record and experience. Relevant details of the manager and their respective track record can be found by the details of the property investment opportunity on the Brickowner platform.
Property purchase costs
All the associated costs of the property purchase are paid from the amounts raised from the investors.
WHAT HAPPENS IF A PROPERTY BEING FUNDED ON BRICKOWNER FAILS TO BE FULLY FUNDED?
If for some reason a property on the Brickowner platform doesn’t complete its funding target, any funds that have been committed by investors will be reimbursed in full along with any platform fee that might have been charged. These will be reimbursed into the users Brickowner wallet.
Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV)
Each property investment is made using a special purpose vehicle (“SPV”) which is a UK limited company. Each property is purchased using a different SPV. It is the beneficial interest of the shares in this SPV which the investor purchases. In turn, this Brickowner SPV will itself act as a single investor into the underlying SPV that owns the property.
Your shares in the Brickowner SPV are held by way of a nominee, where the nominee is the legal shareholder of the relevant SPV, and holds those shares on your behalf with you benefitting from all the economic interest as the ultimate beneficial owner. The use of a nominee is necessary to simplify the transfer of shares on the secondary market. The nominee is a UK Limited Company owned by Gallium PE Depositary Limited.
Documents concerning the investment
When investing you will be governed by the standard Brickowner investment documents. Sample documents can be viewed via the platform.
Brickowner Limited is an Appointed Representative of Gallium Fund Solutions Ltd (Reference number: 487176) which is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority. We will treat you as our client for the purposes of the FCA rules in the promotion and arranging of investments to and for you.
Gallium PE Depositary, which is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA reference number 612479) will treat you as its client for the purposes of safeguarding and administering your shares in the special purpose vehicle in which you invest.
The Brickowner SPV’s are not regulated by the FCA
Income, and Capital Return
HOW DO I EARN INCOME AND CAPITAL GROWTH?
Once you have invested, you now beneficially own a portion of the property investment via a UK Limited Company (SPV). You will receive a pro rata share of the monthly dividend in proportion to your ownership of the SPV. The value of your investment will also proportionally change with any change in the value of the underlying property. The dividend paid to the property investors is calculated by deducting any relevant costs of the property investment and the SPV from the gross income
Can I invest my rental income?
Yes, the dividend you receive from your share of the property rental income is yours to do with as you wish.
Am I kept updated on my investment?
You are able to keep track of your investment and rental income via the Brickowner website. We will also keep investors aware of any potential changes that might occur concerning the investment property.
Will I be required to put in further capital?
Under no circumstances will you be asked to provide further capital. All ongoing costs are funded from the gross rental income, and upfront costs are provided for during the initial funding of the SPV.
It is possible that a cost could arise that could be greater that the gross rental income, and which had not been provided for as part of the initial funding. In such a situation Brickowner reserves the rights to take out a loan which would be secured against the investment or SPV holding the particular investment. The loan would then be paid back from subsequent gross rent or from the subsequent sale of the investment.
Investment Period, and Exit
How do I exit my investment?
When you exit your investment you will realise any capital profit or loss of that investment (see Key Risks)
Your investment can be exited in 2 different ways:-
1) Each property investment will have a defined investment term length which will be clearly conveyed to the investor at the time the property is first funded on the platform. This date will generally be governed by the specific manager that will be managing that property.
2) You can place your investment for sale via our platform at any time. You can choose the price at which you want to sell your investment and the amount of your investment you wish to sell. Any valuations provided by the platform are estimates and should not be thought of as investment advice. Equally there is no guarantee that a buyer will be willing to pay the price that the seller is requesting.
Do I pay any fees if I sell on the secondary market?
No. There is no exit fee for selling your shares on the secondary market
WHAT ARE THE TAX IMPLICATIONS OF INVESTING VIA BRICKOWNER?
Your investment in property is made via the purchase of shares in a UK limited company. The relevant company (Special Purpose Vehicle or “SPV”) has been established specifically to acquire an interest in property investment.
The SPV will be subject to Corporation tax, and the SPV will pay this tax directly to the UK tax authority. The corporation tax rate is 19% up to 1 April 2020, but is then due to reduce to 17% from 1 April 2020
There is no stamp duty payable on the subscription for the Shares in the Company (SPV) or on redemption of the Shares. However, stamp duty at 0.5% is payable by the purchaser where shares are purchased from another shareholder which would apply to share purchased on the Brickowner secondary market when it is launched.
Personal tax (payable by investors)
All investors should seek independent tax advice in relation to their personal tax position. Below is an outline of relevant taxes that apply to UK domiciled and resident investors (these are subject to change).
A £5,000 annual dividend allowance exists. This means that as an investor you can invest up to £100,000 into property producing a dividend yield of 5% before you are required to pay tax on your dividends. Cumulative dividends in excess of £5000 per annum would incur income tax. This includes all dividends received both through Brickowner and elsewhere.
UK taxpayers receive an annual tax-free allowance on Capital Gains Tax of £11,300 for the 2017/18 tax year this may vary in future tax years.
Annual capital gains below £11,300 will not be subject to Capital Gains Tax. If you’ve made more capital gains than this in the tax year, the gains will be taxable at 10% for basic rate taxpayers and 20% for higher or additional rate taxpayers.
What information does my dashboard provide?
The dashboard is there to help you monitor and keep track of your investments, as well as showing how much cash you have in your wallet.
How do I fund my Brickowner account?
You can fund your Brickowner account in two ways:
1. Debit card.
We accept Visa Debit, Visa Electron, MasterCard, Solo and Maestro. The funds appear in your Brickowner account immediately.
2. Bank transfer.
The funds can take up to three business days to appear in your Brickowner account.
Your money will be held in an online wallet by MangoPay, which is a trading name of Leetchi Corp. S.A. Leetchi Corp. S.A. is a public limited liability company incorporated under the laws of Luxembourg and approved as an electronic money institution by the Luxembourg Financial Sector Supervisory Commission (www.cssf.lu).
If you fund your account in a currency other than GBP, your bank will convert the amounts at their specified exchange rate.
Our minimum investment is £100
What’s the process for withdrawing funds from my Brickowner account?
You are able to withdraw funds from your account at any time. This can be done by going to the “My Account” page. Withdrawals to UK bank accounts take up to 3 business days to clear. Withdrawals to non-UK accounts can take a little longer.
All withdrawals are in GBP and your bank will convert the amounts at their specified exchange rate.
If your funds have been invested, before withdrawing, for pending investments you will need to cancel the investment. Or if the funds are invested you will first have to offer your shares for sale on the platform.
Fees and Costs
Is there a charge for funding my Brickowner account?
Brickowner does not charge for funding your account. We cannot advise on charges your bank may levy.
Is there a charge for withdrawing funds from my Brickowner account?
Brickowner will not charge you for withdrawing funds to a UK bank. A cost may apply for international transfers.
What are Brickowner fees?
Brickowner only has 2 fees
1) A one off upfront fee of 3% when the funds are invested. This is a one off fee at the point of investment, and is there to cover the use of the Brickowner technology. This fee applies to those buying newly listed properties and also those that buy shares on the secondary market.
2) An annual management fee of 1% of the amount invested. This fee will be paid monthly from the SPV.
PROPERTY RELATED COSTS
All costs associated with sourcing, managing and disposing of the investment are paid by the SPV holding that particular investment. Such costs will include, but are not limited to, company related costs such as accounting and legal costs, as well as costs associated with the ongoing upkeep and management of the investment, such as ongoing surveys, valuations, and maintenance of the property as deemed necessary.
Can you invest from outside the UK?
Yes, however you are responsible for making sure you comply with the laws of your jurisdiction, including any governmental or regulatory requirements. We are however, not presently accepting investors from the US.
Security of investment
Is my investment protected if Brickowner ceases to exist or falls into financial difficulties?
Each property investment is made through a stand alone ring-fenced SPV. The investment within the SPV is completely ring fenced from the assets and liabilities of Brickowner, and all the other investments made on the platform.
This means that if Brickowner ceased to exist, the property investments would not be effected, as an alternative manager could be appointed to oversee the management of the investments.
All money held in your account, which is not invested in property are held in a Mangopay client account.
These funds are completely separate and ring fenced from any funds of Brickowner, and as such would not be effected by anything that might happen to Brickowner. The money would simply be returned to investors if Brickowner fell into financial difficulty.
This is the rate that the Bank of England will lend to banks, it is set by the Bank of England’s Monetary Policy committee and therefore will affect the interest rates charged and paid by banks to lenders, customers and investors.
This is the difference between the change in value of an investment and the cost of the investment. A capital gain is realised when the sale price is greater than the previous investment price. Capital gains are usually subject to capital gains tax.
Capital Gains Tax
Capital Gains Tax is a tax on any profit made when you sell (or ‘dispose of’) something (an asset or investment) that’s increased in value when taking into account the original investment cost. It’s the gain you make that’s taxed, not the amount of money you receive.
Debt refers to an amount borrowed by one party from another, there are usually terms agreed which define the length of time and the amount to be paid over the term of the debt, including any interest.
Property development defines building a new structure or improving existing structures of a property with the aim of increasing its value. A developer may be an individual but often it is a company or a corporation.
Distributions refer to payments of capital gain or income to investors.
A dividend is the amount paid to the investors in a property investment. The Dividend amount is the gross rental income less all associated costs and SPV taxes.
The dividend yield is the dividend given as a percentage of the total funded amount.
This refers to the research and appraisal of an investment prior to purchase. Due diligence is carried out to evaluate the returns and risk of a property investment.
Equity is defined as the net amount of funds invested and owned by a particular individual or company. The greater the amount of equity in an investment, the greater the share of both income and capital.
When an investor agrees to fund part of a property, until that investment is made, money is held in escrow for the investor. This means the money is retained by a third party (Mangopay) on behalf of the investor until it is invested. Your money is held in trust to keep it separate and protected.
Fair Market Value
This is an estimated market value based on what a market participant would pay for the property.
Financial Conduct Authority- the independent financial regulatory body of the UK. Brickowner is an Appointed Representative of Gallium Fund Solutions which is authorised and regulated by the FCA.
The funding target is the total amount that is raised for an investment including all costs associated with making the investment.
‘Gearing’ is the use of borrowed capital to part fund a property purchase or investment. A mortgage uses gearing to fund a portion of a property. It’s attractive to investors because it offers the opportunity to enhance returns; however, it also increases the risks. It is also known as leveraging.
Gross profit refers to the total amount of money made as the result of an activity. It represents the full return before the deduction of any costs or fees.
The gross rent is the total rental income received from the investment prior to any deductions for costs or tax.
Interest is the cost payable by investors to financial institutions for borrowing money.
Internal Rate of Return is a measure of the profitability of an investment, it provides a present-day value based on future returns.
Loan to value ratio
Loan to value (LTV) ratios tell us how much capital vs how much debt is owned on a given property (i.e. mortgage). A higher LTV is often seen as higher risk than those with a lower LTV.
Net Annual Rental Dividend
This is the annual rental income received from a property less applicable costs, fees and expenses.
Net profit is the difference between the total invested amount and the present value, minus all fees and deductions.
Net Total Annual Return
This is the total annual return received on your investment less applicable costs, fees and expenses.
Premium/Discount on Purchase
This is the increase or decrease in the price of shares relative to their purchase value when sold on the secondary market.
The projected return is the total projected return over the investment term, including all projected rental income and capital growth.
A resale opportunity is the chance to buy or sell shares when an investor choses to sell them on the secondary market.
This is the valuation expressed on a per share basis.
Stamp Duty Land Tax
You must pay Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT) if you buy a property or land over a certain price in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Further information is available here https://www.gov.uk/stamp-duty-land-tax/overview
Stamp Duty Reserve Tax
Stamp Duty Reserve Tax is an amount payable to HM Revenue & Customs for acquiring shares in property investments on the secondary exchange (i.e. Resale opportunities). The amount payable is 0.5% of the cost of those shares. https://www.gov.uk/guidance/stamp-duty-reserve-tax-the-basics
Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV)
Each investment will be made through a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV). The SPV is a limited company which protects and ring fences your investments should Brickowner Limited ever fall into financial distress.
The total gain or loss generated from holding an investment.
A yield is the income return you will get on an investment made. Yield is usually expressed as an annual percentage rate based on the investments cost, or market value. For example if an investment costs £100 and produces and income of £10 over a year, the yield is 10%.